Experience of intracranial arteriovenous malformations endovascular treatment with advanced techniques and non-adhesive liquid embolic agents using
Objective ‒ to evaluate the possibility of endovascular embolization using non-adhesion of liquid embolic agents as monotherapy for the treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM), its reliability and safety.
Materials and methods. examination and gradual endovascular treatment of 64 patients (120 sessions) using non-adhesive liquid embolic agents. Patients were divided into two groups: with ruptured AVM (n = 43) and with unruptured (n = 21). In all cases of unruptured AVM, signs indicating an increased risk of rupture of the AVM were verified.
Results. the average decrease in volume after embolization was 79.5 % (up to 50 % ‒ in 7 cases, 50‒75 % ‒ in 14, 75‒99 % ‒ in 29). Complete exclusion of AVM was achieved in 14 (22 %) patients. On average, 2–3 feeders were embolized on the AVM to achieve such results. It was found that the number of feeders was directly proportional to the number of sessions required. Malformations of small size (up to 3 cm) often managed to close in one session. Clinically significant deficiency (2 on the modified Rankin scale) after embolization was found in 2 (3 %) patients. The deficit regressed within 7 days. The angiographic frequency of complete obliteration of AVM at the end of all embolization procedures was 22 % (14 AVM).
Conclusions. knowledge of the angioarchitectural characteristics of AVM, which are suitable for the treatment with liquid embolic agents, and their careful selection allow to achieve a high frequency of occlusion with a low frequency of complications. The use of superselective intranidal or perinidal positions of the catheter, slow controlled injections that protect the draining veins, the gradual embolization make the therapy safer.
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